Tuberculosis is an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections show... Wikipedia

  • Specialty:  Infectious disease, pulmonology
  • Symptoms:  Chronic cough, fever, cough with bloody mucus, weight loss
  • Causes:  Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Risk factors:  Smoking, HIV/AIDS
  • Diagnostic method:  CXR, culture, tuberculin skin test, QuantiFERON
  • Differential diagnosis:  Pneumonia, histoplasmosis, sarcoidosis, coccidioidomycosis
  • Prevention:  Screening those at high risk, treatment of those infected, vaccination with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)
  • Treatment:  Antibiotics
  • Frequency:  25% of people (latent TB)
  • Deaths:  1.5 million (2020)
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo