Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by continuous or relapsing episodes of psychosis. Major symptoms include hallucinations, delusions and disorganized thinking. Other symptoms include social withdrawal and flat affect.... Wikipedia

  • Symptoms:  Hallucinations (usually hearing voices), delusions, social isolation, flat affect, confused thinking
  • Complications:  Suicide, heart disease, lifestyle diseases
  • Usual onset:  Ages 16 to 30
  • Duration:  Chronic
  • Causes:  Environmental and genetic factors
  • Risk factors:  Family history, cannabis use in adolescence, problems during pregnancy, childhood adversity, birth in late winter or early spring, older father, being born or raised in a city
  • Diagnostic method:  Based on observed behavior, reported experiences, and reports of others familiar with the person
  • Differential diagnosis:  Substance use disorder, Huntington's disease, mood disorders (bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder), autism, borderline personality disorder, schizophreniform disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, psychotic depression, anxiety, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
  • Management:  Counseling, life skills training
  • Medication:  Antipsychotics
  • Prognosis:  20–28 years shorter life expectancy
  • Data source:  DuckDuckGo