Renewables will overtake coal by early 2025, IEA says

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PARIS - Worldwide, growth in renewable power capacity is set to double by 2027, adding as much renewable power in the next five years as it did in the past two decades, the International Energy Agency said on Tuesday.

Renewables are poised to overtake coal as the largest source of electricity generation by early 2025, the report found, a pattern driven in large part by the global energy crisis linked to the war in Ukraine.

“This is a clear example of how the current energy crisis can be a historic turning point toward a cleaner and more secure energy system,” Fatih Birol, the IEA executive director, said in a news release.

The expansion of renewable power in the next five years will happen much faster than what the agency forecast just a year ago in its last annual report, said Heymi Bahar, a senior analyst at the IEA and one of the lead authors of the report. The report revised last year’s forecast of renewable growth upwards by 30 per cent after the introduction of new policies by some of the world’s largest emitters, like the European Union, the United States and China.

While there has been a wartime resurgence in fossil fuel consumption as European countries have scrambled to replace gas from Russia after its invasion of Ukraine in February, the effects are likely to be short-lived, the agency said.

Instead, over the next five years, the global energy crisis is expected to accelerate renewable energy growth as countries embrace low-emissions technology in response to soaring fossil fuel prices.

These include wind turbines, solar panels, nuclear power plants, hydrogen fuels, electric vehicles and electric heat pumps.

Heating and cooling buildings with renewable power is one of the sectors that needs to see larger improvement, the report said.

The US passed the...

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